The Story of the Lusztig Family in the 19th Century

Izsák and Sára Lusztig lived in Transylvania, then part of Hungary, in the first half of the 19th century. In that period, Jewish people were limited by the authorities to trades such as commerce, butchery, or the production of alcoholic beverages. In time, they were allowed to own or rent land, and to practice several other professions. Izsák was one of the few Jewish landowners in Doboka county (today Sălaj, Romania), and the only one in Alsókékes (today Chichișa). Izsák and Sára had seven children, and their family was actively involved in Transylvanian social life, as they tried to integrate into Hungarian society and culture.

Market scene from Transylvania, from the beginning of the 19th century.

During the war of independence between 1848 and 1849, Izsák supported the Hungarian army in order for them to gain independence from the Austrian Empire. Anyone who wished to donate could do so, depending on their financial circumstances. In 1867, the Austrian Empire became a dual monarchy, which was led by two governments, a Hungarian one and an Austrian one, forming the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This was followed by the adoption of new laws that would emancipate the Jewish population in the Empire by giving them more liberty and the same political and civil rights as Christians.

Battle scene during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

Paul Feivel Lusztig was the second child of Izsák and Sára Lusztig. He was born in 1849, in Hida, Doboka county (today Sălaj, Romania). He grew up in Alsókékes (Chichișa) together with his parents and six siblings. In the 1870s, Paul Feivel Lusztig married Giza Friedmann and moved from Chichișa to Kalotaszentkirály (today Sâncraiu), Cluj county. Their son, Moritz Lusztig, was born in 1877. 

Paul Feivel Lusztig.

The family relocated to Gyalu (today Gilău) at the end of the 19th century and lived there for nearly 50 years. They relocated for economic reasons; business and trade were much more developed in the Cluj area, and they had more opportunities for a better life. The Lusztig family lived in a house near the Rákóczi-Bánffy castle, where Paul Feivel was a merchant and butcher, and owned a factory that produced vinegar.  However, anti-Semitism was common in Hungary throughout the 19th century, particularly at the end, which will have an impact on the family’s situation later on.

Map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1887.

The Rákóczi-Bánffy Castle. (Image source: Kastély Koalíció)

Sources

The Archive of the Lusztig Family © Muzeon.

Ladislau Gyémánt, Evreii din Transilvania în epoca emancipării.

Varga E. Árpád, Szilágy megye településeinek etnikai adatai, in Erdély etnikai és felekezeti statisztikája. II. Bihar, Máramaros, Szatmár és Szilágy megye. Népszámlálási adatok 1850/1869–1992 között. <http://www.kia.hu/konyvtar/erdely/erd2002/ sjetn02.pdf>

Mór Petri, Szilágy vármegye monographiája. <http://mek.oszk.hu/04700/04750/html/339.html>

Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger, A Kolozsvári Zsidóság Emlékkönyve.

Bolovan Ioan, Evreii din Transilvania între 1870-1930. Contribuții demografice, in Anuarul Institutului de Istorie «George Barițiu» din Cluj-Napoca.

Varga E. Árpád, Kolozs megye településeinek etnikai adatai, in Erdély etnikai és felekezeti statisztikája. IV. Fehér, Beszterce-Naszód és Kolozs megye. Népszámlálási adatok 1850–1992 között. <www.kia.hu/konyvtar/erdely/erd2002/ cjetn02.pdf>

Hillel J. Kieval, Tiszaeszlár Blood Libel, in YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. <http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Tiszaeszlar_Blood_Libel>

Nicolau Maier, Petrecere poporală, in Foaia Poporului, Anul VII, Nr. 11, February 25, 1899.

Basil Moldovanu, De peste septemână, in Revașul, Anul I, Nr. 4, April 25, 1903.

Hanna earned her bachelor's degree in Cultural Tourism from Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca. She is currently working as a museum assistant at Muzeon while pursuing a Master's Degree in Cultural Heritage. History, culture, and heritage are among her passions. She thinks Cluj-Napoca is a great place to learn about Transylvanian history and culture.

Donate for Muzeon

 

Muzeon has become a Transylvanian landmark for Jewish culture despite the fact that we opened during the pandemic. We are able to stay open during these difficult times thanks to the generous donations that people make online.

Sign up now to make a monthly donation to Muzeon. That will enable us to provide you with the highest quality of information that you expect from us and, also, to keep the Jewish heritage alive as well as to ensure the remembrance of the Holocaust.

Now is the time to chip in for the preservation of Jewish heritage and Holocaust memory in Transylvania. With just 10 euros per month from 100 people, this exhibition will be able to stay open.

 

Will you set up a monthly donation right now? It’s easy and secure.

 

Tuesday ‒ Sunday: 10am ‒ 06pm
Monday: Closed

Adults: 29 lei (6 €)
Children & Students: 19 lei (4 €)
Seniors: 15 lei (3 €)
Omnipass Card: 15 lei (3 €)
Members of the Cluj Jewish Community: Free

3 Virgil Fulicea Street
Cluj-Napoca, Romania
(+40) 364 100 472