Ilarie Voronca (1903-1946)

Eduard Marcus, known under his pen name Ilarie Voronca, was born in Brăila 118 years ago. Voronca, a Jewish avant-garde poet and essayist, collaborated with some of Romania’s most famous modernist publications, including “Contimporanul,” “Integral,” and “Punct.” He edited the first and last issue of the Constructivist magazine “75 HP” with Stephan Roll and Victor Brauner.

He made his debut with the volume Restriști in 1923. In partnership with artist Victor Brauner, he devised a new form of artistic expression, the pictopoem, which is an indivisible synthesis of text and image. After moving to France in 1933, he began writing in French and published works on a regular basis, which were illustrated by famous artists such as Victor Brauner, Constantin Brâncuși, and Marc Chagall.

He was granted French citizenship in 1938, and during WWII he was a member of the Resistance. Unfortunately, while working on Handbook for Perfect Happiness in Paris in 1946, he committed suicide. A selection of his poems was published after his death.

Images sources: Artmark, Artnet, Dada Gallery

Alexandra Ionel graduated from the Faculty of Letters, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca. She is curently museum assistent at Muzeon.

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Muzeon has become a Transylvanian landmark for Jewish culture. Despite the fact that we opened during the pandemic, we had over 4,000 visitors. However, the crisis has deepened, and the operational expenditures can no longer be covered. The harsh reality is that the museum is on the verge of closure.

With your help, Muzeon can continue to stay open! Please sign up to make a monthly donation to the museum. That will enable us to provide you with the highest quality of information that you expect from us and, also, to keep the Jewish heritage alive as well as to ensure the remembrance of the Holocaust. Muzeon started as an independent museum. It receives no public funding. During these difficult times, with tourism reduced to a trickle by the pandemic, we can no longer afford the cost of keeping the museum open.

Now is the time to chip in for the preservation of Jewish heritage and Holocaust memory in Transylvania. With just 10 euros per month from 100 people, this museum will be able to continue to operate.


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Tuesday ‒ Sunday: 10am ‒ 06pm
Monday: Closed

Adults: 29 lei (6 €)
Children & Students: 19 lei (4 €)
Seniors: 15 lei (3 €)
Omnipass Card: 15 lei (3 €)
Studcard: 1+1
Members of the Cluj Jewish Community: Free

3 Virgil Fulicea Street
Cluj-Napoca, Romania
(+40) 364 100 472